Because of its long history of calming effects on the mind and body, researchers have starting looking into kava as a treatment for mental health challenges, like anxiety and sleep disorders. In fact, kava has been used in more than a dozen clinical trials to compare kava’s effects to a placebo, or sugar pill.
Recently, it’s been shown that kava is most effective in anxiety, sleep disorders (eg. insomnia) and even ADHD. In this first article of the series, we discuss the different forms of anxiety and how kava may help with each of them.
General Anxiety Disorder
Anxiety disorders come in different forms. It can show up in specific situations, like social anxiety, when we feel anxious about being in around other people. And it can show up more broadly, known as general anxiety where we feel anxious about everyday things or about events that may or may not happen.
While recent research suggests kava could be useful for all types of anxiety, the type that’s been researched the most, and the one that shows the most mental health benefits, is general anxiety disorder or GAD for short.
GAD happens when we are overcome with worry and concerns about everyday issues and situations. To be diagnosed as GAD, the symptoms must last longer than 6 months and may also include feeling restless, tired, irritable, difficulty sleeping, and have a hard time concentrating.
Kava is made up of different active components called kavalactones. They vary in their effects and type of kava they’re found in. However, kavain, is the one found linked to the anxiolytic, or stress reducing, effects of kava. And it turns out that it works in the same pathways as anxiety drugs like benzodiazepines, which could be one reason it can be so effective.
When compared to placebo, kava has shown to be more effective in lowering anxiety symptoms. For those of us who already use kava, we know this. But these types of studies help strengthen the evidence of kava’s benefits.
There are even some studies that have discussed the benefits of kava compared to other more common anxiety medications due to their side effects, and mild efficacy. This puts kava in an excellent position to become a more common therapeutic treatment with less side effects for patients.
Social anxiety is more common than you may think. And it persists for many different reasons. We’ve all had moments of feeling socially anxious; going to a party where you don’t know many people, being in a situation where you feel others might judge or dislike you.
But for those with a social anxiety diagnosis, they may feel distressed, avoid social situations, and have a hard time navigating their social life. They may have physical symptoms like nausea, sweating, blushing or even panic attacks when around other people. And while common therapy is a combination of medications and therapy, research has suggested that kava could also be a beneficial treatment.
A common form of self medicating for social anxiety is alcohol. Being a staple in social situations, and having similar being known to make us “feel more social” it’s no wonder why those with social anxiety would turn to using it when around others. However, alcohol’s negative effects can backfire and have more complications than benefits. For one, the emotional dip the next morning for alcohol’s depressive nature can put people into an anxious head space.
Kava is known to have similar effects to alcohol but without the side effects and risk of addiction. The effect it has on our brain gives us a feeling of calm and relaxation, helping to naturally lower feelings of anxiety. It doesn’t mess with our emotions in the same ways so we don’t wake up feeling anxious or depressed. And you don’t get a hangover, which is probably the biggest bonus of all.
Traditionally, kava has been used in community settings to create connection and lower social inhibitions. This was probably the first indication that kava is helpful for those who get anxious in social situations.
Science and research continue find evidence that supports kava as a beneficial treatment for anxiety. It could be a great alternative to traditional anxiety medications that come with high risks of addiction, loads of side effects and effectiveness that can vary.
For all these reasons, kava could be hugely beneficial in helping people support their general and social anxiety in a more natural, plant based way. We’re excited to see what the future holds.